The Global Peace Index 2016 published by the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP) revealed that the world became less peaceful overall, highlighting the trend of declining peace over the past decade. The report, which was released on June 8, ranked Iceland as the most peaceful country globally, according to Cumhuriyet.
Turkey, however, did not fare as well, sliding 7 spots from the previous year to 145 among 163 countries, mainly due to the hard stance taken by the President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan’s administration against the opposition, failed security policies, as well as the war in Syria. Furthermore, according to the index, Turkey was partially responsible for dragging down the average of the European region.
The report also specified that there are only 10 countries in the world that are free from war or conflict. While Syria – where the civil war has been ongoing since 2011 – was ranked last as 163, Iceland clinched the top spot as the most peaceful country.
The IEP’s 23 indicators for producing the Global Peace Index are separated into the three categories of ongoing domestic and international conflict, societal safety and security, and militarization. These categories include criteria such as the number and duration of internal conflict, relations with neighboring countries, political stability and terrorism, violent crime, and military expenditure.Ebru Aksay
Editor: Leyla Magdalena Amur